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Turkish secularism

Cemal Karakas
Turkey: Islam and Laicism
Between the Interests of State, Politics, and Society
Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF) 2007


The Turkish version of secularism is problematic. It is both authoritarian and undemocratic, demonstrating once again that secularism is only a precondition for democracy and does not assure it. Furthermore, the secularism of the Turkish state is not religiously neutral, for it is aimed at co-opting Sunni Islam, the religion of more than three quarters of the Turkish population as a bulwark against fragmentation along religious (Alevi) or ethnic (Kurdish) lines.


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