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Notes for “The Pope, Concordat and Holocausts”

1. Brett Arends, “Pope Francis must answer questions about church’s financial dealings with Hitler”, Market Watch, 10 February 2015.

2. Julian Kossoff, “The Pope, Eichmann and the Nazi 'Ratlines'”, Telegraph, 17 March 2010.

“Red Cross and Vatican helped thousands of Nazis to escape”, Guardian, 25 May 2011. 

Carl Savich, “The Rat Lines, the Holocaust in France, 1940-1944, and the Klaus Barbie Case, Part III”, Serbiannia, 03 September 2012.

“Lawsuit charges that Nazi gold funded Vatican ratlines”, Concordat Watch.

3. Carl Savich, “The Vatican Role in the Ustasha Genocide in the Independent State of Croatia”, Serbianna, 11 November 2011.

4. “Serbian civilians are forcibly converted to Catholicism by a Croatian priest”, US Holocaust Memorial Museum, Photograph #90166.

5. John Cornwell, Hitler's Pope, 1999, p. 265.

6. Peter Popham, “The unholy legacy of Pius XII”, Independent, 20 October 2008.

“L' ambasciatore scrisse Ho visto il pontefice parla bene dei tedeschi”, La Repubblica, 2008-10-19.

7. Cornwell, pp. 263-64.

8. Derek Scally, “Roots in traumatic German history”, Irish Times, 2005-04-21.

9. Transcript of the Shoah Interview with Benjamin Murmelstein [1975], Part I. Translation by Lotti Eichorn, p. 114.

10. “John Cornwell on Hitler's Pope”, Interview by Evan Solomon, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 8 October 1999.

11. International Catholic-Jewish Historical Commission, The Vatican and the Holocaust: A Preliminary Report, 26 October 2000.

12. Nick Squires, “Redemption (for now) of 'Hitler's Pope' as Vatican opens secret archives”, Telegraph, 2012-03-02.

13. Bruce Johnston, “Post-war Vatican implicated in Nazi escapes”, Catholic Herald, 18 April 1997.

14. “Vatican Looks Back At Inquisition”, Associated Press, 15 June 2004.

See also: Jonathan Petre, “Inquisition was a mistake but legally justified, claims Vatican official”,
Telegraph, 30 January 2006.

15. Peter Popham, "The unholy legacy of Pius XII", Independent, 20 October 2008. 

16. Jesús Colina, “Documents Reveal Pius XII Saved 11,000 Roman Jews: Pave the Way Foundation Announces Findings”, Zenit, 2011-07-22.

17. “Vatican hopes secret files exonerate 'Hitler's pope'”, The Observer, 9 February 2013.

18. Edward Kessler, “Scrutiny of Pius XII's reign required before canonisation”, Irish Times, 2008-11-11. (reposted:

19. Paul Vitello, “Wartime Pope Has a Huge Fan: A Jewish Knight”, New York Times, 2010-03-07. 

20. “Decrees of Vatican's Saint Congregation: Testify to 10 Miracles; 10 Cases of Heroic Virtue; 1 Martyrdom”, Zenit, 2009-12-19.

21. “Vatican Defends Naming Pius XII Venerable: Says Sanctity Is About Virtue, Not Historical Impact”, Zenit, 2009-12-23. 

22. Nick Squires, “Vatican stalling on secret files which could prove wartime Pope ignored Holocaust”, Telegraph, 2008-19-30.

Nicole Winfield, “Vatican defends move on World War II-era pope”, Associated Press, 2009-12-23.

23. “Exhibit Scheduled for Vatican Secret Archives”, Zenit, 2011-07-06.

24. Benedict XVI quoted by Douglas Bloomfield, “Hitler's pope was no saint”, Jerusalem Post, 21 January 2010.
He has also characterised the ostensible help by Pius XII as “made secretly and silently”. “Pope defends WWII pontiff's role”,  BBC News, 18 September 2008.

25. “Vatican Secret Archives Documents Going Online”, Zenit, 12 February 2010.

26. “Theologians, historians urge Benedict to slow Pius XII saint process”, Reuters, 18 February 2010.
For a related article see: Philip Pullella, “Exclusive - Catholic scholars urge pope to slow Pius sainthood”, Reuters, 18 February 2010.

27. “Before the Holocaust”, Review by Garry Wills of  The Popes Against the Jews: The Vatican's Role in the Rise of Modern Anti-Semitism. By David I. Kertzer. New York Times, 23 September 2001.

28. “García Herreros causa confusion”, El tiempo, 28 July 1992.

29. “¿Será santo el padre que le habló al oído a Escobar?” Semana, 14 February 2013.

30. Peter Hertel, Schleichende Übernahme: Das Opus Dei unter Papst Benedikt XVI, 2007, p. 107.

31. Karlheinz Deschner, God and the Fascists: The Vatican Alliance with Mussolini, Franco, Hitler, and Pavelic, 1965. The author is quoted in the Foreword by the editor of the 2013 edition.


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