Some current German Concordats
In addition to the concordat at the federal level, made with the Nazi regime, every German state has some kind of agreement with the Catholic Church, either with the Vatican or with local bishops. There are at least 50 German concordats currently in force. This list of 18 is linked to the concordat texts in German..
Existing concordats are continually being tweaked and even the updating of the terminology of one paragraph of a concordat annex can unleash solemnities involving an archbishop, a bishop, a monsignor and Catholic Church functionaries on the one side, and the Minister-President, the Minister of Culture and "a number of high-ranking cabinet functionaries" on the other. This helps maintain the mystique of concordats as sacred and unalterable.
The concordat texts are in German only, unless otherwise indicated, and the dates are for the signature of the concordats, not for their ratification (or for their enabling legislation, which introduces some of the concordat texts below).
At the federal (i.e., national) level:
Reichskonkordat: 20.07.1933 (legal continuity and further validity recognised and confirmed by the 26.03.1957 decision of the German Constitutional Court) [German/Italian without Secret Supplement] [English complete] Enabling legislation 18.09.1933
At the state (Land) level:
Baden-Württemberg, 12 October 1932
Bavaria (Bayern), 29 March 1924
Berlin (with Berlin bishop, not Vatican), 2 July 1970
Brandenburg, 12 November 2003
Bremen, 21 November 2003
Hamburg, 29 November 2005
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern), 15 September 1997
Prussia (Preuβen), 14 June 1929 Prussia is long gone, but parts of this concordat are embedded in the concordats of the states that succeeded it.
Saxony (Sachsen), 2 July 1996
Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt), 15 January 1998
Schleswig-Holstein, 12 January 2009
Thuringia (Thüringen), 11 June 1997
Sources (in German):
- The Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome has a list on Geramn concordats currently in force, which gived names and dates: http://www.kirchenrecht-online.de/concordati/concordati_list.php#Germania
- The German Foreign Office gives a general description of links with the Holy See: Auswärtiges Amt / Beziehungen zu Deutschland
- German Home Office gives a list of concordats at the federal and state levels with links to the documents: Bundesministerium des Innern / Verträge mit der katholischen Kirche (In Germany even individual schools may have their own concordats and these are not listed here.)